Vertebral vein The vertebral vein, posterior to the IJV, passes through the transverse foramina from the atlas to the 6 th cervical vertebra. Cervical CT demonstrated that the catheter tip of the central venous line had penetrated the jugular vein and reached the spinal epidural space [Figure 10a — 10d ]. Catheter misplacement to the right internal mammary vein. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. This article outlines the normal and abnormal anatomy of the central veins in relation to CVCs, mainly for the IJV, similar advantages applying at all sites. The catheter should be removed referral to radiology. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. Catheter misplacement to the thoracic duct. Traumatic chyle leak: A rare complication of left internal jugular venous cannulation.
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